|FAST FILE SYSTEM
||An enhanced disk formatting facility introduced
with Workbench 2 to speed up the access, and the usable space on the disk. However, if you
take a formatted FFS disk to a WorkBench 1.3 machine it will not be readable and will show
something like DF0:DOS*.
||A term given to the
RAM which is not accessible to
the Amiga's custom chips, and is generally
used for application programs and associated data. In reality it is no
faster than Chip RAM, but because it
does not need to be locked before it can be changed and because it is not
shared with any other process, access is quicker.
||Describes an error condition that stops the
||Acronym for Fibre Data Distributed Interface.
||Any connector which contains sockets, or holes,
rather than the pins, and must therefore connect to a male
||Acronym for Fast
|FIBRE DATA DISTRIBUTED INTERFACE (acronym
||An emerging standard for the transmission of
electronic information along a fibre-optic cable.
||Network cabling that employs one or more optical
fibres, and carries data using light instead of electricity.
||A system that allows many Bulletin Board Systems
to be connected together so that messages can be transferred between them.
||A file refers to any collection of data with its
own name. So, in effect, a file is any document that you type with your WordProcessor, a
graphics image that you draw with you paint program, a song you compose with your music
program, or any program that allows you to create these things.
||A term used for the unique four character
identifier contained within a file in the Macintosh filing system that identifies the
program on which the file was prepared.
||A way of accessing both files and directories
from a menu on the screen.
|FILE TRANSFER PROTOCOL
|A program used to upload and download files
using TCP/IP as occurs on the Internet. However it is often used as a verb as in
"FTP a particular file" which means to down load a file from an FTP site, the
latter being a node which permits down loads. It should be noted that not all networks
connected to the Internet are open to just anyone - many are commercial concerns which
require you to be a subscriber before you can access them. However, there are a great many
FTP sites which allow access only to specific file areas, using a method called anonymous
||A term used for the four character designator
contained within a file in the Macintosh filing system that identifies what kind of file
it is, and helps the Finder decide how to use it.
||A Filename is any legal name you give to a file. In the
CLI for example, it can consist of up to thirty characters
except slash (/) and colon (:), both of which mean special things to AmigaDOS. To keep
life simple, it's a good idea to avoid imbedded spaces in filenames, (though it can be
done by enclosing the full pathname/filename in double-quotes), and you should try to make
filenames sufficiently informative, so that you can recognise what they mean at a later
time. Filename extensions or suffixes, such as ".ltr" (for a letter), or
".hr" (for a DPaint hi-res image), are useful, while in certain programs they
are essential such as .doc (for a document in Scribble). You can put as many full stops as
you like in a filename. However, be warned that if you want to output a file which you
later want to read on an MS-DOS machine, the filename must be less than 8 characters
unless you include separators (`.'), e.g. example.doc.
||The program that creates the Macintosh desktop,
equivalent to the Amiga's Workbench. The Finder program has many versions, and should
always be run in conjunction with the correct version of the System file.
||See Fred Fish.
||A status indicator in a program.
With AmigaDOS, a "condition flag" is a variable that contains a value set by the
system, to indicate the success or failure of command executions.
||The effect caused by the perceptible fading of
video screen phosphors on alternating lines of an interlaced frame. The flicker can be
remedied by using a faster vertical scan rate as provided by multi-scan monitors, or by
using a long-persistence monitor, where the phosphor dots do not fade as rapidly. For 1084
and 1084S users, flicker can be reduced by changing the colours on the screen, so there is
less contrast and less luminence.
Video Display Enhancer.
||A notation system in which the decimal point is
not fixed, hence very big or very small numbers can be easily handled, albeit with a
slight loss in accuracy. When the computer represents these numbers, the symbol consists
of two parts. One part contains the fractional component of the number, while the other
part is expressed as a power of the base or radix of the number. For example, a number in
standard notation, e.g. 0.0000256 would have a floating point representation of .256E-04
using a base of 10.
|FLOATING POINT UNIT
The Floating Point Unit (or FPU) is a dedicated execution unit designed for
performing math functions on floating point numbers. A floating point
number is any number other than an integer; any number with a decimal
point required to represent it is a floating point number. Integers (and
data stored as integers) are processed using the processor's integer
Amiga: The floating point unit ???????????
The floating point unit is integrated into all processors from the
486DX on (this does not include the 486SX). Earlier computers had to use
the integer unit of the processor to perform floating point operations
(which is very slow) unless they also had a second chip dedicated to
performing floating point calculations, called a math coprocessor.
The coprocessor would work with the regular processor to improve
performance for math-intensive applications (spreadsheets, scientific
applications, etc.) A separate math coprocessor is better than none at
all, but is not nearly as efficient as having the floating point unit
integrated into the main CPU. All new CPUs do this now.
||A removable storage medium where a flexible disk
coated in magnetic oxide is housed in a rigid or semi-rigid container. The original floppy
disks were contained in a square cardboard container about 8 inches across, and these were
followed by a similar design but 5.25 inch disks across. Today most floppy disks use a
3.5inch almost square plastic cartridge, that use a small metal slide to cover the exposed
disk, although the original DSSD disks have been superceded by DSDD and DSHD disks which
store more data.
||A technique used for data transmission that lets
your computer rate (i.e. the transfer rate between the computer and a modem) be
different from the connection rate (i.e. the line speed). Flow control is useful with data
compression because if the throughput is higher than the connection rate, the throughput
will vary depending on the compressibility of the data. It lets your modem and computer
tell each other when they're ready to accept more data for transmission and when to wait.
This "handshaking" prevents data from being lost because the computer or modem
was busy, and comes in two forms, hardware mode (known as RTS/CTS), and software mode
(known as XON/XOFF) flow control.
|FLUSH JUSTIFIED TEXT
||A body of text where the letters are flushed to
both left and right hand margins, as in this document.
||Acronym for Full
||All of the characters in a particular typeface,
which can come in a wide variety of Point Sizes. The default system font of the Amiga is
Topaz 8, but this can be changed by running the program SetFont.
||The name given to the two logical segments which
constitute a file in the Macintosh filing system. See also Data
Fork and Resource Fork.
||Preparing a new disk, or re-initialising a
existing disk, for use by the Amiga by writing control information and control blocks
ready to receive data. Formatting a disk erases all previously stored data.
||Acronym for Frames Per Second.
||Acronym for Floating
||Short for Fractional
Dimension. See also Mandelbrot.
||A rather complex mathematical concept based on a
principle that a fractal recognises not just one, two or three dimensions, but an infinite
variety. Scenery generators such as Vista use fractals to draw landscapes. See also
||The printed border and/or fill associated with a
box of text or graphics.
||A device for grabbing images from video and TV
as they are played so that the digitised image they create can be used on a computer.
Unlike a video digitiser, it does not require a still video signal, although one can be
used if desired.
||Probably one of the best known people in the
worldwide Amiga community as a result of his Public Domain Library (AmigaLib) disks. Fred
now lives in Arizona and since 1986 has compiled over 1000 disks of software, although
early in 1994 he switched to CD's instead of floppy disks, and increased the amount of
software published on a regular basis from contributors all over the world.
Domain software that can be freely
distributed, copied and used by anyone, although some authors place restrictions such as
copyright on the source code, or not allowing PD libraries to charge more than a certain
amount for the disk containing it.
||The technique used by the CCITT V.12 and Bell
103 communication protocols where `0' and `1' bits are assigned to a specific frequencies
in transmit and receive directions. Signalling rate equals bit rate.
||The technique used by many printers where the
paper is pulled through the the printer using a number of rubber rollers that grip the
||One of the drawbacks of using
HAM or HAM-8
modes, where it can take three pixels to completely change colour, i.e. from black to
white. Each pixel can change only one of the 3 primary colours, and creates an effect
known as fringing. You must also take care if you change the colour of a pixel, in that
the colour of the following pixel may also change.
||Acronym for Frequency
||Acronym for File
|FULL MOTION VIDEO
|The ability to display full screen video images
at normal broadcast frame rates (i.e. 25 frames per second) from digitised information.
Computers have for some time been able to display video images in small windows and in
some cases up to one quarter of the screen, but with FMV it is almost impossible to
differentiate from a normal video image produced by a video recorder.
||The darker coloured keys along the top of your
keyboard, labelled F1 thru F10, that can be programmed to perform specific tasks.